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Dyslexia

"Dyslexia is a learning disorder that typically recognizes difficulty reading due to problems identifying speech sounds and learning how they relate to letters and words."

--Adapted by Dyslexia - Symptoms and causes. (2017, July 22). Mayo Clinic.

Section 1- Symptoms

This section will share resources related to identifying symptoms of Dyslexia. Included are professional articles where authors and organizations share an overview of symptoms.

Before school
  • Late talking

  • Learning new words slowly

  • Problems forming words correctly, such as reversing sounds in words or confusing words that sound alike

  • Problems remembering or naming letters, numbers and colors

  • Difficulty learning nursery rhymes or playing rhyming games

School age
  • Reading well below the expected level for age

  • Problems processing and understanding what he or she hears

  • Difficulty finding the right word or forming answers to questions

  • Problems remembering the sequence of things

  • Difficulty seeing (and occasionally hearing) similarities and differences in letters and words

  • Inability to sound out the pronunciation of an unfamiliar word

  • Difficulty spelling

  • Spending an unusually long time completing tasks that involve reading or writing

  • Avoiding activities that involve reading

Teens and adults
  • Difficulty reading, including reading aloud

  • Slow and labor-intensive reading and writing

  • Problems spelling

  • Avoiding activities that involve reading

  • Mispronouncing names or words, or problems retrieving words

  • Trouble understanding jokes or expressions that have a meaning not easily understood from the specific words (idioms), such as "piece of cake" meaning "easy"

  • Spending an unusually long time completing tasks that involve reading or writing

  • Difficulty summarizing a story

  • Trouble learning a foreign language

  • Difficulty memorizing

  • Difficulty doing math problems

Section 2 - Treatment

This section will provide an overview of treatment strategies to support individuals diagnosed with dyslexia. Included in the section are articles that professionals share their experience and best practice for treating dyslexia.

Schulte-Körne G. (2010). The prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of dyslexia. Deutsches Arzteblatt international, 107(41), 718–27.

Section 3 - Navigating School System

Teaching Strategies:

  • Try engaging all of the student’s senses when teaching them to read, like giving them magnet letters to put together words. Multisensory activities are shown to significantly help students with dyslexia develop literacy.

  • Help students with dyslexia access resources like audiobooks, dictation programs, or spell-checking software.

  • Encouragement can help students who have dyslexia find the confidence they need to succeed in school. Give your students praise when they master a challenging skill and celebrate milestones they reach along the path to literacy.

  • Set mutually agreed-upon reading goals with children diagnosed with dyslexia to promote student engagement.

  • Some students with reading difficulties may need extra help outside of the classroom. Refer students to remediation or learning disorder specialists, if needed.

Common Challenges for students with Dyslexia:

  • Have difficulty sounding out new words.

  • Lack fluency compared to other children their age.

  • Reverse letters and numbers when reading.

  • Find it difficult to take notes and copy down words from the board.

  • Struggle with rhyming, associating sounds with letters, and sequencing and ordering sounds.

  • Avoid being called on to read out loud in front of classmates.

  • Become tired or frustrated from reading.

  • Adapted from Understanding Dyslexia and How to Help Kids Who Have It (childmind.org)

Section 4 - Video Resources

What is Dyslexia?

What is Dyslexia?

Section 5 - Other useful resources

American Speech-Language-Hearing Association

National Center for Learning Disabilities

Grand Transverse Dyslexia Association

International Dyslexia Association

The Yale Center for Dyslexia & Creativity

Smart Kids with learning disabilities

Section 6 - Forum