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Nonverbal learning disability is the brain-based condition characterized by poor visual, spatial, and organizational skills; difficulty recognizing and processing nonverbal cues; and poor motor performance.

Section 1

Section 2

Section 3
Navigating School System

Classroom Materials and Routines

  • Provide pencil grips or different types of pens or pencils to see what works best for the student.

  • Provide handouts so there’s less to copy from the board.

  • Provide typed copies of classroom notes or lesson outlines to help the student take notes.

  • Provide extra time to take notes and copy material.

  • Allow the student to use an audio recorder or a laptop in class.

  • Provide paper with different-colored or raised lines to help form letters in the right space.

  • Provide graph paper (or lined paper to be used sideways) to help line up math problems.

Giving Instructions

  • ​Provide paper assignments with name, date, title, etc., already filled in.

  • Provide information needed to start writing assignments early.

  • Help the student break writing assignments into steps .

  • Provide a rubric and explain how each step is graded.

  • Give examples of finished assignments.

  • Offer alternatives to written responses, like giving an oral report.

Completing Tests and Assignments

  • Adapt test formats to cut down on handwriting. For example, use “circle the answer” or “fill in the blank” questions.

  • Grade based on what the student knows, not on handwriting or spelling.


  • Use a scribe or speech-to-text so the student can dictate test answers and writing assignments.

  • Let the student choose to either print or use cursive for handwritten responses.

  • Allow a “proofreader” to look for errors.

  • Provide extended time on tests.

  • Provide a quiet room for tests if needed.

Professional Papers

Section 4
Other Useful Resources


Stories of Dysgraphia

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